Plan-making process

The plan-making process is the process by which the necessary components of spatial plans are developed, produced, adopted and implemented.

The development of spatial plans requires that a wide range of different stakeholders work together to integrate sectoral interests within an overall plan. The subsequent implementation of these plans requires that all the relevant delivery partners use their decision-making processes to support plan implementation. This necessarily introduces a measure of complexity into spatial planning processes in order to achieve the desired integration.

As a public activity, spatial planning also needs to conform to various legal requirements, for example:

  • Public participation (in conformance with the EC Directive on Public Participation in Environmental Decision-Making (2003/4/EC);
  • Strategic environmental assessment (in conformance with the SEA Directive (2001/42/EC)

All these requirements place a heavy emphasis on conducting an effective and legally compliant planning process and their integration results in a process that is necessarily complex.

A wide range of experience is available from the implementation of terrestrial spatial planning to provide insights for marine planning. There is also emerging experience from existing marine planning initiatives.